Amadeo Clemente Modigliani (1884-1920)Born on the 12th July 1884. He died in January 1920 and had a short and difficult life. He was the fourth child of a Jewish family and was raised in poverty. At the age of 14 he contract typhoid and some two years later he suffered from tuberculosis.In 1902 he enrolled at the Scuala Libera di Nudo in Florence and a year later moved to Venice, studying at the Institute of Belle Arti de Venezia. In 1906 Paris was the focal point of the avant-garde of the time. He moved to Paris and was influenced by Toulouse-Lautrec and was acquainted with Cezanne. Finally he developed his own unique style and was noted for his quick completion of his portraits.During 1909 he returned to Livorno for a short time, suffering from the ravages of an excessive lifestyle. From 1909 to 1914 he concentrated on sculpture whilst still painting and drawing a little.In 1917 he met Jeanne Hebuterne who became his companion and model. However, in 1919 he became severely ill with tuberculosis and died. The distraught and pregnant Jeanne Hebuterne committed suicide and they were buried together in Paris. Their orphaned daughter, also names Jeanne, was adopted by Modigliani's sister.i.
Born in Munich in 1880, the son of a landscape artist. Marc studied art in Munich and in 1903 he visit France and studied the work of the impressionist artists.From 1904 to 1907, he suffered from severe depression, but in 1907 he returned to Paris and was excited by the work of Gauguin and van Gogh. By 1910 Marc had discovered Matisse's work and he held his first solo exhibition in Munich. It was there he met Auguste Macke. In 1911 he and Wassily Kandinsky formed Der Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider), an influential and avant-garde group of artists. One of the primary aims of this group was to use art to express spirituality.Marc enlisted at the outbreak of World War 1 and was killed in military action at Verdun in 1916, following in the footsteps of his by then good friend, August Macke. He was just 36 years old
Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse (December 31, 1869 - November 3, 1954) was a noted French artist, working in a number of modes, but principally as a painter he is considered one of the most significant artists of the early 20th century. He was born in Le Cateau, Picardy and grew up in Bohain-en-Vermandois.In 1887 he went to Paris to study law. After gaining his qualification he worked as a court administrator in Cateau Cambresis. But following an attack of appendicitis during his convalescence he took up painting. On his recovery he returned to Paris in 1891 to study art at the Académie Julian and became a student of Odilon Redon and Gustave Moreau. Influenced by the works of Edouard Manet, Paul Signac and Paul Cézanne he painted in the Fauvist manner, becoming known as a leader of that movement.His first exhibition was in 1901 and his first solo exhibition in 1904. His fondness for bright and expressive colour became more pronounced after he moved southwards in 1905 to work with André Derain and spent time on the French Riviera, his paintings marked by having the colors keyed up into a blaze of intense shades and characterized by flat shapes and controlled lines, with expression dominant over detail. The decline of the Fauvist movement after 1906 did nothing to affect the rise of Matisse; he had moved beyond them and many of his finest works were created between 1906 and 1917.In 1921 Matisse settled in Nice and continued to work in a more luxurious environment with less attention and a more 'decorative' style. In 1941 Matisse was diagnosed with cancer and following surgery he soon needed a wheelchair; this did not stop his work however. But as increased weakness made a easel impossible he created paper cut collages called papiers découpés, often of some size, which still demonstrated his eye for color and geometry.He died in Nice. Unlike many artists he had international fame and popularity during his lifetime. Right from his early shows in Paris he attracted collectors and critics.
Born into a bourgeoisie household in Paris, France, in 1832, Edouard Manet was fascinated by painting at a young age. His parents disapproved of his interest, but he eventually went to art school and studied the old masters in Europe. Manet's most famous works include "The Luncheon on the Grass and Olympia." Manet led the French transition from realism to impressionism. By the time of his death, in 1883, he was a respected revolutionary artist.